The changes in languages and alphabets reflect the changes in pronunciation that inevitably occur over time.
This is especially true when considering that the original Semitic alphabet of the Canaanite Phoenicians was adapted to other languages such as Hebrew, Greek, and Latin.This process continued when the Latin alphabet was adapted to the Anglo-Saxon tongue, which eventually morphed into what we called the English language
Pronunciation, as it develops in the culture of a nation is a process as natural as the flowing of a river. It has a life and power of its own that authors, orthographers, and even grammarians have to respect. Great social upheavals such as war and migration have wrought indelible transformations in languages. However, the source and underlying flow of time is eternal.
For the English language, the Norman Invasion of 1066 is probably the most significant example of this.That's when history melded the Anglo-Saxons' Old English with the Old French of the Norman invaders to become the Anglo-Norman language, which eventually grew into English. Two streams became one and the course of the river forever changed. Still, much has remained the same according to the laws of language, gematria and thusly numerology. The order of the letters in the alphabet is a case in point, illustrated in the chart above. There's a lot more to this story of English spelling, but I wanted to stick with the first seven letters alphabet on this post. I'll add the links to the Works Cited page, soon
Here's a recap of some of the gematria calculations from the last post
In Hebrew, the name for God, Yahweh or YHWH, is written from right to left, as יְהֹוָה . The gematria for יְהֹוָה adds up to 26 and 17.
יְהֹוָה in Hebrew Ordinal = 26 (10+5+6+5)
יְהֹוָה in Hebrew Gematria = 26 (10+5+6+5)
יְהֹוָה in Hebrew Reduction = 17 (1+5+6+5)
The English word God and the old Germanic Gott are based on similar numerical patterns.
God in English Ordinal = 26 (7+15+4)
God in English Reduction = 17 (7+6+4)
God in English Gematria = 71 (7+60+4)
Gott in English Reduction = 17 (7+6+2+2)
Gott in English Ordinal = 62 (7+15+20+20)
In Greek, we see the same numerical patterns emerge.
Zeus in English Reduction = 17 (8+5+3+1)
Zeus in English Reduction with the -s exception =26 (8+5+3+10)
Zeus in English Ordinal = 71 (26+5+21+19)
Zeus in the English Gematria =1205(800+5+300+100)
In the ancient Greek of the Classical era, that's the Attic dialect spoken in the Athens of Aeschylus, Sophocles, and Aristophanes the greatest playwrights of the ancient world, their alphabet consisted of 26 letters as well. (Dantzig, 40).
That was for a period of about 200 years from the 6th to the 4th centuries BC. Soon after that, two letter sounds dropped from use, as partly explained in the chart above.
Much more to come! I'm going to discuss the 8-5-3-1 pattern found in the name of Z-E-U-S and how it relates to the ancient concept of "the music of the spheres."